Is Sulfur More Likely To Gain Or Lose Electrons?

Does sulfur gain or lose electrons to become stable?

The valence shell (the 3s and 3p sublevels) contains six electrons, but it needs eight to become stable.

Think of the octet rule.

Therefore a sulfur atom will gain two electrons to form the sulfide anion with a charge of 2− , with the symbol S2− ..

Why can only electrons be lost or gained?

Some atoms have only a few electrons in their outer shell, while some atoms lack only one or two electrons to have an octet. … Atoms that lose electrons acquire a positive charge as a result because they are left with fewer negatively charged electrons to balance the positive charges of the protons in the nucleus.

How are electrons gained or lost?

Sometimes atoms gain or lose electrons. The atom then loses or gains a “negative” charge. These atoms are then called ions. Positive Ion – Occurs when an atom loses an electron (negative charge) it has more protons than electrons.

What are 3 interesting facts about sulfur?

Sulfur FactsSulfur is an essential element for life. … Although many sulfur compounds have a strong smell, the pure element is odorless. … Mankind has known about sulfur since ancient times. … At room temperature and pressure, sulfur is a yellow solid. … Were you surprised you could crystallize sulfur simply by cooling the melted powder?More items…•

Is oxygen or sulfur more reactive?

oxygen is only more reactive than sulphur because due to small atomic size oxygen atom has high tendency to attract the electrons ( more electronegative )….

Is Sodium more likely to gain or lose electrons?

Atoms like sodium, with only one or two electrons in a valence shell that needs eight electrons, are most likely to give up their valence electrons to achieve a stable state. … An ion is any atom that has gained electrons to have a negative charge (anion) or lost electrons to have a positive charge (cation).

Which groups lose or gain electrons?

Elements that are metals tend to lose electrons and become positively charged ions called cations. Elements that are nonmetals tend to gain electrons and become negatively charged ions called anions.

Is sulfur negative or positive?

Sulfur is in group 6 of the periodic table. What is the charge on its ions, and is the charge positive or negative? The charge is negative, since sulfur is a non-metal.

How does sulfur become stable?

In addition, Sulfur gains 2 electrons to become stable and this is why it has a negative valence. … This is because its electron configuration is: (Ne) 3s^2 3p^4, and this means that it has a total of 6 electrons in its outermost shells. Therefore, to become stable it needs to gain -2 electrons.

Why does chlorine want to gain electrons?

The reason the chlorine atom becomes Cl- , when it gains one electron is because by gaining an electron it becomes more negative (charge wise), likewise it it lost 1 electron it would be Cl+ because it would be more positive due to the loss of a negatively charged atom.

Why can sulfur bond 6 times?

Answer and Explanation: Sulfur is capable of forming 6 bonds because it can have an expanded valence shell; sulfur is in period 3 of the Periodic Table.