Quick Answer: What Is Required For Translation?

What enzyme is needed for translation?

Translation is catalyzed by a large enzyme called a ribosome, which contains proteins and ribosomal RNA (rRNA).

Translation also involves specific RNA molecules called transfer RNA (t-RNA) which can bind to three basepair codons on a messenger RNA (mRNA) and also carry the appropriate amino acid encoded by the codon..

Which step in translation does not require energy?

Which of the following step of translation does not consume a high energy phosphate bond. Solution : a) Translocation means the shifting of ribosomes along m-RNA. This step requires elongation factor (Translocase) and simultaneously the hydrolysis of GTP takes place that provides energy for the translocation (not ATP).

Is rRNA used in translation?

Ribosomal RNA (rRNA) is part of the ribosome, or protein builders, of the cell. Ribosomes are responsible for translation, or the process our cells use to make proteins. rRNA are responsible for reading the order of amino acids and linking amino acids together. They do this through a highly complex sequence.

Does translation require rRNA?

Ribosomal RNA (rRNA) associates with a set of proteins to form ribosomes. … Ribosomes are composed of a large and small subunit, each of which contains its own rRNA molecule or molecules. Translation is the whole process by which the base sequence of an mRNA is used to order and to join the amino acids in a protein.

What components are required for translation?

Cellular components involved in DNA translationRibosome. The ribosome is a complex organelle, present in the cytoplasm, which serves as the site of action for protein synthesis. … Messenger RNA (mRNA) Related Stories. … Transfer RNA (tRNA) … Aminoacyl tRNA synthetases. … Initiation. … Elongation. … Termination.

What are 3 steps of translation?

Translation of an mRNA molecule by the ribosome occurs in three stages: initiation, elongation, and termination.

What is the first step of translation?

The process of translation can be broken down into three stages. The first stage is initiation. In this step, a special “initiator” tRNA carrying the amino acid methionine binds to a special site on the small subunit of the ribosome (the ribosome is composed of two subunits, the small subunit and the large subunit).

What is a codon?

A codon is a trinucleotide sequence of DNA or RNA that corresponds to a specific amino acid. The genetic code describes the relationship between the sequence of DNA bases (A, C, G, and T) in a gene and the corresponding protein sequence that it encodes. The cell reads the sequence of the gene in groups of three bases.

Is DNA directly involved in transcription?

Is DNA directly involved in Transcription? … Is DNA directly involved in Translation? no, DNA remains in the nucleus and this process doesn’t occur in the nucleus. Which types of RNA are involved in Translation?

Where does translation happen?

In eukaryotes, transcription and translation take place in different cellular compartments: transcription takes place in the membrane-bounded nucleus, whereas translation takes place outside the nucleus in the cytoplasm. In prokaryotes, the two processes are closely coupled (Figure 28.15).

How is the process of translation started?

The steps in translation are: The ribosome binds to mRNA at a specific area. The ribosome starts matching tRNA anticodon sequences to the mRNA codon sequence. Each time a new tRNA comes into the ribosome, the amino acid that it was carrying gets added to the elongating polypeptide chain.

What is the template for translation?

Translation. Transcription is the synthesis of RNA from a DNA template where the code in the DNA is converted into a complementary RNA code. Translation is the synthesis of a protein from an mRNA template where the code in the mRNA is converted into an amino acid sequence in a protein.

How many codons are needed for 3 amino acids?

Three codonsAnswer and Explanation: Three codons are needed to specify three amino acids.

What are the 4 steps of translation?

Translation happens in four stages: activation (make ready), initiation (start), elongation (make longer) and termination (stop). These terms describe the growth of the amino acid chain (polypeptide).

What are the steps in translation?

Translation proceeds in three phases:Initiation: The ribosome assembles around the target mRNA. The first tRNA is attached at the start codon.Elongation: The tRNA transfers an amino acid to the tRNA corresponding to the next codon. … Termination: When a stop codon is reached, the ribosome releases the polypeptide.

What are the 5 steps of translation?

Translation (Protein Synthesis) Initiation. In this step the small subunit part of the ribosome attaches to the 5′ end of the mRNA strand. … Elongation. … Termination.