What Is The Correct Order For Protein Synthesis?

What are the 3 steps of protein synthesis?

Much like the processes of DNA replication and transcription, translation consists of three main stages: initiation, elongation, and termination.

Initiation takes place with the binding of a ribosome to an mRNA transcript..

What is the correct order of events for translation?

The correct sequence of events in translation is: A. initiation, termination, elongation.

What are the 5 steps of transcription?

Transcription can be broken into five stages: pre-initiation, initiation, promoter clearance, elongation, and termination:Pre-Initiation. Atomic Imagery / Getty Images. … Initiation. Forluvoft / Wikimedia Commons / Public Domain. … Promoter Clearance. Ben Mills / Wikimedia Commons / Public Domain. … Elongation. … Termination.

What is the start codon for protein synthesis?

AUGSTART codons AUG is the most common START codon and it codes for the amino acid methionine (Met) in eukaryotes and formyl methionine (fMet) in prokaryotes. During protein synthesis, the tRNA recognizes the START codon AUG with the help of some initiation factors and starts translation of mRNA.

What is the meaning of protein synthesis?

noun Biochemistry. the process by which amino acids are linearly arranged into proteins through the involvement of ribosomal RNA, transfer RNA, messenger RNA, and various enzymes.

What triggers protein synthesis?

Protein is the building block of muscles. Muscle protein synthesis is a naturally occurring process in which protein is produced to repair muscle damage caused by intense exercise. It is an opposing force to muscle protein breakdown (MPB) in which protein is lost as a result of exercise.

What is the second step of protein synthesis called?

TranslationTranslation is the second step in protein synthesis. It is shown in Figure below. Translation takes place at a ribosome in the cytoplasm. During translation, the genetic code in mRNA is read to make a protein.

What is produced in the first step of protein synthesis transcription?

The first step in protein synthesis is called transcription. Transcription is the process wherein DNA is used to create messenger RNA, or mRNA. The mRNA is produced using DNA’s code, which is contained within the cell’s nucleus.

Which is the correct order of events in transcription?

Transcription takes place in three steps: initiation, elongation, and termination. The steps are illustrated in Figure 2. Figure 2. Transcription occurs in the three steps—initiation, elongation, and termination—all shown here.

What are the 9 steps of protein synthesis?

Terms in this set (9)DNA unravels, exposing code.mRNA comes in.transcription (copying genetic code from DNA)mRNA exits nucleus, goes to ribosome.translation (gives message to ribosome)tRNA brings in specific amino acids (anticodons)protein synthesis begins.peptides.More items…

What is the last step of protein synthesis?

terminationAnswer and Explanation: The last step in protein synthesis is termination. During termination, the ribosome reads the stop codon in the mRNA.

What is the function of protein synthesis?

Protein synthesis represents the major route of disposal of amino acids. Amino acids are activated by binding to specific molecules of transfer RNA and assembled by ribosomes into a sequence that has been specified by messenger RNA, which in turn has been transcribed from the DNA template.

What are the three phases of transcription?

The RNA transcription process occurs in three stages: initiation, chain elongation, and termination. The first stage occurs when the RNA Polymerase-Promoter Complex binds to the promoter gene in the DNA.

What are the 5 steps of protein synthesis?

5 Major Stages of Protein Synthesis (explained with diagram) |…(a) Activation of amino acids:(b) Transfer of amino acid to tRNA:(c) Initiation of polypeptide chain:(d) Chain Termination:(e) Protein translocation:

What comes before protein synthesis?

STEP 1: The first step in protein synthesis is the transcription of mRNA from a DNA gene in the nucleus. At some other prior time, the various other types of RNA have been synthesized using the appropriate DNA. The RNAs migrate from the nucleus into the cytoplasm.